IT Band Syndrome is a non-traumatic overuse injury that often occurs in patients between 15-50 years old who are active and in particular, do a lot of running or biking. The IT band becomes tight and rubs against the lateral epicondyle of the femur as the knee flexes and extends. You can also experience this same pain over the greater trochanter at the hip as this is where the IT band runs. IT band syndrome is diagnosed by history and physical examinations taken by a health care professional.
What are common symptoms of IT Band Syndrome?
Common symptoms of IT band syndrome include:
Pain over the outside of the knee that will gradually increase over a few days to weeks, as well as pain when touching the outside of the knee on the affected side. This pain will be more noticeable when performing activities such as running, in particular when the heel strikes the ground. This pain can radiate to the outer thigh and calf in certain cases.
You may also notice a squeaking sound coming from your knee when bending and straightening in some cases.
The IT band itself will be tender to touch at the knee. Pain over the greater trochanter if the IT band is affected at the hip. In the beginning, the pain will start to occur post-exercise, but as the IT Band starts to become more irritated it will start to flare up early in the activity or when you are at rest.
If affected at the hip with hip flexion, the IT band slides forward over the greater trochanter and cause a painful click or pop. In a recent study, patients with IT Band syndrome had less hip adduction and frontal range of motion (ROM) in their hip joints than people without IT band syndrome. Hip flexion and knee flexion were also significantly reduced.
Glute max and TFL issues or injuries in the past may also play a role.
Does IT Band Syndrome go away? How long does it take to recover from IT Band Syndrome?
The prognosis for someone with IT Band Syndrome is extremely positive with appropriate conservative care such as heat application, massage and following instructions to stretch and avoid downhill running for the next 3 weeks.
Complications are rare, however lower limb biomechanics abnormalities can occur if the IT band syndrome is chronic and the patient is compensating by overusing other muscles.
IT band syndrome will not get better or go away on its own – you need to be proactive with activity modification and stretching during the rehab/acute portion of your recovery.
What shouldn’t you do if you have IT band syndrome?
You shouldn’t continue to perform downhill running, as this is the most likely thing to aggravate IT band syndrome. Neglecting it and believing the issue will go away by itself is also something to avoid.
What should you do if you have IT band syndrome – what is good for IT band syndrome?
Heat and ice are really crucial and critical within the early, acute stage of the injury. Lay on your side and apply heat to the lateral aspect of the thigh with a pillow between your legs.
Stretching exercises for the IT band and surrounding muscles (such as glute med, TFL, hamstrings, calves and hip flexors – in particular, iliopsoas). Perform both static and active stretches roughly 3 times a day. Work on hip mobility and ROM exercises. Foam rolling the IT band itself may also be beneficial.
Massage the muscles like the IT Band, TFL and glute med.
Modify choice of exercise and go for non-weight bearing exercise like swimming, rather than biking and running to avoid further aggravation. For athletes, I would recommend changing the training program to allow time for adequate recovery.
Visit an orthotics specialist to get orthotics installed into running shoes or find a pair of running shoes that compliment your style of running.
If there is no improvement in 6-8 weeks, you should get an ultrasound or MRI to assess for potential ligament damage or impingement.
Can Chiropractic care help with IT Band syndrome? How?
When treating IT band syndrome, Chiropractic care may have a huge positive impact on the prognosis and the rehab of the injury. Your Chiropractor will assess the affected area and look for key signs of IT band syndrome – this includes over-pronation of the affected leg, as well as signs of inflammation around the affected knee joint due to friction of the lateral epicondyle.
A postural/gait analysis will be performed to see how you are aligned and how this could be affecting the IT band.
Your Chiropractor will take the knee through the full range of motion and be looking for pain at certain angles and positions indicative of IT band syndrome. Full Hip ROM will also be performed as the IT band originates from your hip.
Your Chiropractor will also perform orthopaedic tests (such as Ober’s) to assess for dysfunction with the IT band.
Regular checks to the pelvis and lumbosacral joints for dysfunction/misalignment, especially at the site of the TFL attachment. Test the hip abductor muscles for weakness. The Chiropractor will adjust around your pelvis/SI joints, as well as the knees and feet on the affected side to make sure the whole lower limb kinetic change is free of interference and functioning to its optimal potential.
To summarise, IT band syndrome has a good prognosis with conservative care such as Chiropractic, stretching, heat and ice application.
Farooq, S., & Hacking, C. (n.d.). Iliotibial band syndrome | Radiology reference article | Radiopaedia.org. Radiopaedia.org, the wiki-based collaborative Radiology resource. Retrieved October 1, 2020, from https:// radiopaedia.org/articles/iliotibial-band-syndrome
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